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Guterres calls for ban on fossil fuel advertising, warns of ‘climate hell’



Guterres calls for ban on fossil fuel advertising, warns of 'climate hell'

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres on Wednesday called for a reduction in the production and use of fossil fuels globally, and said the world needed a way out of the highway to climate hell, after scientific data showed the last 12 months were the hottest on record.

He was considered the Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres On Wednesday, he said humans posed a danger to the planet equivalent to that of the meteorite that wiped out the dinosaurs, and called for an end to ads promoting fossil fuels, after scientific data showed that The last 12 months have been the hottest in the world. save.

Dramatic climate changes have already begun to have serious consequences around the world, fueling extreme weather events, floods and droughts, melting glaciers and rising sea levels.

Guterres called for a ban on advertising on oil, gas and coal, energy sources that are the main drivers of global warming, after global climate observatories released new figures showing the planet is in danger.

Guterres said during a speech on the climate At the New York Museum of Natural History: “In the case of climate, we are not the dinosaurs. We are the meteor. We are not only in danger, we are the danger.”

According to data released Wednesday by the European Copernicus Observatory, last month was the hottest of all Mays, which “represents 12 consecutive months of the hottest months on record.”

The observatory said the global average temperature between June 2023 and May 2024 was “1.63 degrees Celsius higher than the pre-industrial average of 1850-1900”, referring to the period before the temperature increase began of the planet due to greenhouse gas emissions. . Human-caused greenhouse effect.

According to Copernicus, 2023 was the hottest year on record, exceeding pre-industrial levels by 1.48 degrees Celsius, in reference to the natural climate phenomenon El Niño, which causes temperatures to rise.

Although the El Niño phenomenon is dissipating, the World Meteorological Organization has announced that there is an 80% chance that the average annual temperature will exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius in at least one of the next five years.

The organization warned that humanity is not taking seriously the goals set out in the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, which stipulates keeping warming within a margin of 1.5 degrees Celsius.

But the risks of temporarily exceeding this limit have increased since 2015, according to the organization.

Guterres said: “Global emissions would need to decline by 9% each year until 2030, to maintain the possibility of keeping warming to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius. But on the contrary, they are going in the wrong direction. »

At the United Nations Climate Conference (COP28) in Dubai, it was agreed to “phase out fossil fuels”, but a reduction in emissions will not be imminent.

“Ban oil advertising”

“The godfathers of climate chaos – the fossil fuel industries – are making record profits and benefiting from billions of dollars in taxpayer-funded subsidies,” Guterres said.

He added: “I urge all countries to ban advertising from fossil fuel companies,” likening the issue to banning products harmful to human health, such as tobacco.

He continued: “There is a need to get off the highway to climate hell,” as signatories to the Paris Agreement are expected to begin announcing new emissions results in early 2025.

Guterres renewed his call to impose taxes on the profits of fossil fuel industries to finance the fight against global warming, highlighting in particular “solidarity fees on sectors such as shipping, aviation and extraction of fossil fuels.

He said: “Even if emissions reached zero tomorrow, a recent study concluded that climate chaos would cost at least $38 trillion a year by 2050.”

That figure exceeds the $2.4 trillion that developing countries, excluding China, need to abandon fossil fuels and adapt to a warmer planet, according to estimates by United Nations experts.

France 24/AFP

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