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International Atomic Energy Agency condemns intensification of Iran's nuclear program and Tehran pledges to respond 2024 - drweud
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International Atomic Energy Agency condemns intensification of Iran’s nuclear program and Tehran pledges to respond

International Atomic Energy Agency condemns intensification of Iran's nuclear program and Tehran pledges to respond

On Wednesday in Vienna, the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency approved a resolution officially reminding Iran of its non-cooperation in the context of intensifying its nuclear program, and Tehran committed to answer to. According to a joint Russian, Chinese and Iranian statement reported Wednesday by the Iranian news agency (IRNA), “the time has come for the West to demonstrate political will and take steps to revive the nuclear deal.”

Adopted international atomic energy agency Wednesday in Vienna, a decision was criticized Iran For its lack of cooperation in intensifying its nuclear program. This resolution, presented by London, Paris and Berlin, was approved by 20 out of 35 countries, according to what three diplomats reported to Agence France-Presse. The United States was among the countries that provided support, despite its recent hesitation for fear of an escalation of tensions in the country. Middle East.

For her part, she voted Russia AndChina Against the resolution, 12 countries abstained from voting and one member was absent. This resolution, the first since October 2022, includes new criticism of Iran.

In this context, he once again regrets the lack of “credible technical responses” linked to the unexplained presence of traces of uranium in two unannounced sites.

The text of the resolution, consulted by Agence France-Presse, specifies that it is “necessary and urgent” for Tehran to clarify the situation and facilitate access to the two sites concerned. In this regard, the director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi, could be asked to prepare a “comprehensive report”.

“Unsuccessful…and has no basis.”

Furthermore, two additional controversial points have emerged in addition to this controversial issue for years. Iran must “rescind the withdrawal of accreditation” of some of the agency’s most experienced inspectors and reconnect surveillance cameras “without delay,” according to the resolution.

This decision, which has so far had a symbolic dimension, aims to increase pressure on Iran, which has severely limited its cooperation with the UN agency in recent years.

This could be a prelude to transferring the dispute to the UN Security Council, which could impose sanctions. But this question is only theoretical, based on the rapprochement recorded in recent years between Iran and Russia and China, the two permanent members of the Council.

The text of the resolution was amended after intense negotiations with the Americans, who were not initially in favor of adopting a new resolution.

Tehran criticized the “unproductive (…) and baseless” measure presented to the Council, and pledged to respond without revealing more at this stage.

Although the Islamic Republic denies wanting to develop a nuclear bomb, its program is growing rapidly.

“Worrying” situation

The Europeans denounced the “unprecedented” nuclear progress for a country which does not possess atomic weapons, during discussions which began on Monday in the Austrian capital, deeming the situation “worrying”.

The International Atomic Energy Agency says Iran is the only country without one. Atomic weapon, capable of enriching uranium up to 60% and building up constantly increasing stocks. This threshold is close to the 90% level needed to make a nuclear bomb.

The three European countries also indicated in a statement that “this escalation seriously undermines international security and undermines the global non-proliferation architecture”, especially since “trust has been further eroded” by recent declarations. public in Iran on the country’s technical capabilities to produce nuclear weapons. weapons and the possibility of changes in nuclear doctrine.

For their part, Russia, China and Iran declared on Wednesday in a joint statement published by the Iranian news agency (IRNA): “The time has come for the West to demonstrate political will and take measures to revive the nuclear agreement.

It should be noted that Iran has gradually abandoned its obligations under the 2015 international agreement with the United States, China, Russia, France, Germany and the United Kingdom regarding its nuclear program .

This agreement would have limited Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions against it.

However, the agreement collapsed after the United States unilaterally withdrew by decision of former President Donald Trump in 2018. Negotiations to revive it in Vienna in the summer of 2022 failed.

France 24/AFP

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